Marijuana Users More Prone to Infections After Knee, Shoulder Surgeries
Surgeons have long advised patients to stop smoking cigarettes for several weeks before their operations to lower the risk of complications. But what about weed? New research has found reason for worry: Marijuana users had higher infection rates after minimally invasive knee and shoulder procedures. Patients also had higher rates of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or potentially dangerous blood clots, though those risks were not statistically significant.
A workout for cartilage implants
Whether arising from being felled on the soccer pitch or a seemingly harmless collision with a coffee table, a minor injury to the cartilage in your knee can have major consequences. In the worst case, the weak spot gives rise to severe arthritis and an artificial knee is the only hope. However, if the problem is caught early, further deterioration could be prevented by a patch repair.
Increased CXCL9 Level Linked to Increased Hip Fracture Risk in Men
The researchers found that in men, but not in women, increasing CXCL9 levels were associated with an increasing risk for hip fracture. The odds ratios in the highest quartile compared with the lowest quartile were 10.35 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.90 to 56.39) and 1.46 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.59 to 3.60) in men and women, respectively.
Exercise can modify fat tissue in ways that improve health—even without weight loss
University of Michigan researchers examined the effects of three months of exercise on people with obesity, and found that exercise can favorably modify abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue, the fat tissue just beneath the skin, in ways that can improve metabolic health—even without weight loss.
Athletes vs. Nonathletes: Who does better after hip arthroscopy?
Athletes over the age of 40 have better outcomes after primary hip arthroscopy than nonathletes of the same age, according to new research.